Bariatric Surgery / Lapband surgery
Bariatric Surgery also known as weight loss surgery includes various surgical procedures performed on those who are obese. In this surgery, weight loss is achieve with the help of reducing the size of the stomach through removal of portion of the stomach or with an implanted medical device (gastric banding) or even by resecting and re-routing the small intestines to a small stomach pouch (gastric bypass surgery).
Causes of Obesity
- Consuming more calories from food than your body uses through its normal functions – An obese person consumes more than excess calories over a long period of time, these unused calories later on stored as fat cells.
- Genetic or Hereditary Factors
- Environmental Factors
Types of Bariatric Surgery procedures
Restrictive Bariatric Surgery
This Bariatric Surgery procedure shrinks the stomach size and it in turn reduces the amount of food it holds. It makes one feel full when eating much sooner than before. The primary restrictive procedures include:
- Vertical banded gastroplasty
- Adjustable gastric banding (lap band surgery)
- Gastric sleeve
- Transoral gastric volume reduction
Malabsorptive Bariatric Surgery
This surgery removes and rearranges your digestive system which then restricts the amount of calories and nutrients that one’s body can absorb. It results in reducing the calories in the body and results in weight loss.
This surgery is a combined procedure of both restrictive and malabsorptive techniques. Most types of Bariatric Surgery carry at least a small element of both components; however, the following surgeries achieve a remarkable portion of weight loss:
- Gastric bypass
- Mini-gastric bypass
- Duodenal switch
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